•Quotation: a voice other than your own that reveals the issue or topic or a famous or well-known quote that could apply to your issue and leads to the writer’s thesis.
•Background or surprising fact: a statement that contains relevant, interesting background on the topic or a surprising fact about the topic that sets up the writer’s thesis.
•Anecdote: a very brief story that captures the essence of the topic and then connects the story to the thesis
•Concession: a presentation of one or more opposing arguments that lead the reader to the writer’s thesis
•Sensory details : a description using sensory language (sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste) that describes a scenario related to your topic that leads to the thesis.
Remember that you will need a lead, a transition, and your thesis.
For a conclusion, sum it up with a variation on your thesis. Then, end with a zinger.
The zinger is the last line of your essay. Here are some ideas:
•Prediction: tells the reader what you plan to do in the future based on your position or gives a glimpse into how the future could be different based on your position.
•Echo: circle back to the lead (QBACS). Write another version that connects to the beginning of the essay.
•Pointed question: Ask a question that leaves the reader thinking. This is not just turning the prompt into a question.